A Complete blog for tourism guide in Nepal

OverView on Parsa Wildlife Reserve 

Destination: Parsa Wildlife Reserve 
Highlights:
•The bioclimatic conditions of Parsa Wildlife Reserve makes it a suitable home for a diverse range of plant and animal species. It’s believed that a lot of the adult tigers from Chitwan National Park end up here. Major animals found here include the jungle giant’s elephants, tiger, sloth bear, and leopard. Other regular sightings of wildlife include Blue bull, Sambar, Chital, Hog deer, Barking deer, langur, Rhesus macaques, striped hyena, Jungle cat, and Palm civet. The tropical climate provides habitat to many species of snakes, including King cobra, common cobra, Trait, Rat snake and the Python.
•There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and woodpeckers are the major of them. You also get to see the white breasted kingfisher, paradise flycatcher, large racquet-tailed drongo, Golden-backed woodpecker, and even the endangered Giant hornbill species. The abundance of flora and fauna makes Parsa Wildlife reserve a hub for eco-tourists and wildlife enthusiasts.
VILLAGE TOURS: 
Experience the uniquely placed culture of the Tharu people. Relish what their culture is like in the Tharu village Museum in the heart of Sauraha in Bachhyauli. For centuries, the Tharus have lived very close to this protected area and hence their tradition reflects their intimate relationship with the natural world. Visit the Tharu village and share their world with them as you reach out touch another culture.
ELEPHANT SAFARI: 
Seated high on the back of a trained elephant exploring the grasslands and core area of the park, you become an integral part of the life of the national park. The elephant safaris, though not the most comfortable ridges, is an amazing experience. And it doesn't take long to spot at least a rhino in these forests.
JUNGLE DRIVE:
 Drive into the heart of the park for a good chance to spot the rare species. The drive takes you along time-worn trails with great opportunities of viewing big animals. Don't forget to move on to Kasara, the park headquarters wherein you will get the chance to visit the Kasara Durbar and the Crocodie Breeding Centre.The centre is housed with a number of breeding and hatching ponds to produce and rear the animal until they are ready for release in the wild.
ELEPHANT BREEDING CENTRE:
 Of all the animals, elephants are probably the most graceful. Our naturalists will take you to the Hattisar to demonstrate. How elephant's meals are prepared and how they eat in the Elephant Breeding Centre. They will explain the nature and habits of elephants.Best time:October to December is the best time to visit Parsa Wildlife Reserve however as the place has easy access it can be accessed throughout the year.
Accommodation:
There is a small guesthouse with four rooms at the headquarters. There is also a teahouse that can provide tea, snacks, and Nepali food. Hetauda and Birgunj are about an hour's drive where accommodation becomes very easy. Modest shops have also come up near Pathlaiya which is a walking distance from Headquarters.Transportation:Parsa Wildlife Reserve is one of the easiest places to reach. The reserve headquarter Adhabar is eight-hour drive from the capital city and falls on the East-West Mahendra Highway. Another option is to fly to Simra in Bara district, from where the reserve headquarters is only seven kilometers away.

Description:

Parsa Wildlife Reserve is a protected area in the inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal established in 1984 and covers an area of 499 km sq. The dominant landscape of the wildlife reserve, the Churiya hills ranging from 750m to 950m run east-west of the wildlife reserve. The hills present a very rugged face with numerous gullies and dry streambeds. As the foothills are very porous, water flows underground and surfaces at a distance of about 15 km from the hills base. The typical vegetation of the park is tropical and subtropical forest types with Sal forest constituting about 90% of the vegetation. Chir pine grows in the Churiya Hill similarly, Khair, Sisal and Silk cotton trees occur along watercourses. 
The Parsa Wildlife Reserve supports a good population of resident wild elephant, tiger, leopard, sloth bear, gaur, blue butt, wild dog. Other common animals are sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, languor, striped hyena rattle, palm civet, jungle cat etc. There are nearly 300 species of birds in the reserve. Giant hornbill, peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers, woodpeckers etc. are few other common birds found in the reserve. Many kinds of snakes like king cobra, common cobra, krait, rat snake, pythons are found in the reserve due to hot tropical climate.

Being a largest protected area in the whole country in the north Rapti River and Siwalik hills form a natural boundary to the human settlement in this Parsa Wildlife reserve centre. Adjacently west to this wildlife reserve is Chitwan National Park. Parsa wildlife reserve is also important with heritage significance. Kailas Bhatia is at top of hill, and is of religious significance. It houses two small temples (Dudeswor Mahadev) paying homage to the Hindu Gods of Shiva and Parvati.