A Complete blog for tourism guide in Nepal

Boudhanath (Stupa) mythical Mt. Meru,

Destination: Boudhanath (Stupa) 
Highlights:The giant Stupa represents the mythical Mt. Meru, which is considered to be the center of the cosmos. During the Tibetan New Year, the largest celebration in Nepal i.e. the festival of Losar is hosted at Boudhanath. There are many handicraft stores located all around the stupa. This may be the best place in Nepal for Buddhist & Tibetan related items - statues, prayer flags, Tibetan incense, etc.


Best time:All around the year

Accommodation:
There are dozens of hotels & guesthouses for accommodation and numbers of cafe/bakeries. You can return back to any place within Kathmandu for spending your night.
Transportation:
Taxis: From the Kathmandu airport, or from Thamel. If you are coming to see the Boudha Stupa, tell the taxi driver that you wish to go to Boudha Stupa main Gate. There are also a number of local buses and vans that carry passengers in the Kathmandu Valley around Ring Road (which loops around Kathmandu & the Kathmandu Valley) to Chabihil . From Chabihill, one can take one of the many buses/vans to the 'Bouda Stupa main gate', or walk for 20 mins up the Boudha road to the Stupa.


Description:
The first stupa at Bodhnath was built sometime after AD 600, when the Tibetan king, Songtsen Gampo, converted to Buddhism. In terms of grace and purity of line, no other stupa in Nepal comes close to Bodhnath. From its whitewashed dome to its gilded tower painted with the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha, the monument is perfectly proportioned. 
According to legend, the king constructed the stupa as an act of penance after unwittingly killing his father. The first stupa was wrecked by Mughal invaders in the 14th century, so the current stupa is a more recent construction. The highly symbolic construction serves in essence as a three-dimensional reminder of the Buddha’s path towards enlightenment. The plinth represents earth, the kumbha (dome) is water, the harmika (square tower) is fire, the spire is air and the umbrella at the top is the void or ether beyond space. The 13 levels of the spire represent the stages that a human being must pass through to achieve nirvana. 
Stupas were originally built to house holy relics and some claim that Bodhnath contains the relics of the past Buddha, Kashyapa, while others say it contains a piece of bone from the skeleton of Siddhartha Gautama, the historical Buddha. Around the base of the stupa are 108 small images of the Dhyani Buddha Amitabha (108 is an auspicious number in Tibetan culture) and a ring of prayer wheels, set in groups of four or five into 147 niches.

To reach the upper level of the plinth, look for the gateway at the north end of the stupa, beside a small shrine dedicated to Hariti (Ajima), the goddess of smallpox. The plinth is open from 5am to 6pm (till 7pm in summer), offering a raised viewpoint over the tide of pilgrims surging around the stupa. Note the committed devotees prostrating themselves full-length on the ground in the courtyard on the east side of the stupa.