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History of Dang District Nepal


Dang District is situated in Mid-Western Development Region. It is one of the five district of Rapti Zone. Dang has frequently been called Asia’s largest and most beautiful valley at the distance of 409.23km west of the Capital City.
To the South it touches the border of India Uttar Pradesh). In the east there are Pyuthan, Arghakhanchi and Kapilvastu districts. In the north there are Salyan, Rolpa and Pyuthan. Banks and Salyan are in the west. Dang District has extended 20° 37′ North Latitude to 28° 29′ North latitude and 82° 2′ East longitude to 82° 54′ East longitude. It has extended 213m height to 2058 m height from the sea level. Dang district occupies the area of 2,955 km² with population of 548,141.

Headquarter of Dang is Ghorahi, besides Tulsipur and Lamahi are other major cities. Its average length from East to west is 90km and North South breadth is 72 km. Dang District includes 4municipalities and 34VDCS, Bhanpur, Sisahaniya VDC is located at he height of 213m from the sea level which is the lowest height of Dang. Similarly Arkhale in Hanspur VDC is situated at the height of 2058m which is the height point of Dang.
Out of the total land 65.02% (19229Sq. Km ) belongs to the forest, 23.67%(699 Sq.km) with agriculture 4.38% (219 Sq.km) with pasturing and 6.92% (204Sq.km) of land is unproductive. Studying the historical background of population, Tharu Communities were the first immigrants from the south west. Afterwards Brahmin and other communities came from hills.

Dang is cosmopolitan and culturally diverse place. This region has majority of people of the Tharu ethnicity, Brahmins and Chettris are came from the southern mountains where Nepali is the dominant language. Dang once laid on the important trade route between India and Nepal through Dunduwas to Koilabas bazaar on the international border where goods entered Rapti Zone from India. The largest rivers of Dang are Rapti River and Babi River which are tributaries of Ganges too. The district is enriched and hill-sides serrated in the form of an endless series of terraces.
The valley retains some of its Garden of Eden charm with the ancient temples, palaces with immense historical importance, diverse ethnic groups, dialects and languages, landscapes, serenity and placidness of the lakes and valley, biologically significant flora, fauna and wildlife, waterfalls and thick jungle alternating with rice paddies, and unique peoples.

History of DangNorthern Kanth area (hilly area) was under the rule of hilly kings and southern plain land was under the rule of Tharus. At the end of BIkram’s 14th century, it was under the domain of Jumla.
In 1480 BS king Ratan Pandey of Sawari Kot annexed the Tharu state into his own and he made Ratna Parikshitiz, the king of Dang. After some time he summoned prince from Bajhang replaced him in his own place and left Dang. By the time Dang was extended from ‘Arra Sota’ of Shivaraj Ilaka to Tulsipur Ilaka of Rapt in the west.
During the time of Unification all the small kingdoms of Dang districts were also united into the greater Nepal.
By 2007B.S there were Court, Post-Office, Police Station and Land Revenue Office in Dang. Since Jestha 3, 2008 B.S Dang was considered a separate district and the chief officer of Rapti Zone began to live here.
Surrounded by mountains and plains in the middle part of the district refers etymologically Dang. It was derived from “Drona” the Sanskrit Word and its first populated area was “Derapur”. Later on begin mispronounced it was understood as “Deukhuri”

Climate of DangDang’s climate is nearly tropical and it is well watered by the seasonal river as well as abundant groundwater. Summers are warm and humid while winters are mild and pleasant.
Climate of Dang can be categories into 3 classes. There is tropical monsoon in Deukhuri whereas in Dang Valley somewhere cold and sub-tropical monsoon is available. In the north part of Mahabharat range, it is cold and temperature mansoon is present. Due to pleasant climate and good accessibility, Dang is enjoyable throughout the year.
There are two water resources Rapti and Bahai River. They have 86 sub-resources. Dang District is famous for mineral resources even in the whole country. Limestone, coal, copper, mineral oil, salt and various rocks are found.

Population of Dang
According to the last census year 2068, the Population of Dang is 5,57,852 and the growth rate is 2.06%. According to the census year 2058, 64.5 % people use Nepali as their mother tongue. The total percentage of Tharu people is 31.8% and 30.1% among them speak Tharu language. Chhetri people are 22.7%, Magar are 12% and Brahmins are 10.8% of the total population of Dang. People belonging to Hindu Religion are 96.48%.

Religious Places of Dang
Dang is very rich in religious and Tourism Sectors. Ambikeswari Temple (Ghorahi-5, Ammapur), Pandaveshwor Shiva Mandir (Dharna-1, Dharpani), Siddha Ratnanath Pith(Ghorahi-4, Chaughera), Sudaya Rameshwor Shivalaya (Bijauri-5) and Dhage Jharana / waterfall(Purandhara-1) are some of the worth visiting places. Apart from there there are many remarkable places such as temple, waterfalls, caves, lakes and historical places in Dang District.

Access
Anyone can simply reach to dang. Dang is accessible by road as well as by air from Kathmandu. You may use air service. Airport is in Tarigaun, a bit south to Tulsipur Bazaar. Micro, Day, Night services are available on bus and it takes 10-11 hours by road from Kathmandu.Kalanki.-Kathmandu- Dhading-Chitwan-Nawalparasi-Rupandehi-Kapilvastu is the route for Dang.

AccommodationsAccommodation in Dang usually includes comfortable lodges with basic amenities. Exceptionally, there are not luxurious world-class hotels and resorts.

 Sights and activitiesWhile some parts of Dang are industrial, it’s still a green district of Nepal. It’s a fascinating old historic place. This enchanting valley has several beautiful places to visit and offers stunning panoramic views of Himalayan of Mahabharata Range. Some places to visit are

 Hiking
the Chure hills of Dang offer one of the best hiking opportunities. You can have one day hike to Chiliikot, Ghoddaura, Bat’s cave Nawalpur and many more other places around Tulsipur, Ghorahi and Lamahi.

Some Activities in DangDang offers quite interesting things to spend spare times like,
Paragliding
Paragliding is perhaps the most rewarding of short duration adventure sports that you can enjoy at Sawarikot Dang. You can have the be-witching bird’s eye view of majestic Himalayas and down below are the villages, rivers, temples and forest.



Tourism can be and is the basic source of income for developing country like Nepal where it can increase its prospective development through tourism promotion. Not concentrating on few concerned areas only it should expand the promotion all over Nepal where the rich scenic diversity and biodiversity along with its ethnic culture and tradition can be the major attraction for Tourism. Ecotourism has become an important economic activity in natural areas around the world. It provides opportunities for visitors to experience powerful manifestations of nature and culture and to learn about the importance of biodiversity conservation and local cultures. At the same time, ecotourism generates income for conservation and economic benefits for communities living in rural and remote areas. There is growing market for ecotourism across the world. Ecotourism comprises over 50 percent of total tourist business worldwide and growth in ecotourism shows an increasing trend. Since tourism in Nepal is in one or the other way associated with nature and natural areas, tourism in Nepal is often viewed from an ecotourism perspective. Some estimates have shown that about 80 percent of the country’s tourism market is linked with nature tourism or ecotourism. Therefore ecotourism is of crucial importance to the nation.

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